Kerosene is a liquid fuel, similar in composition to diesel, obtained from the distillation of crude oil. Kerosene is produced on an industrial scale by distilling crude oil in a process similar to that used to produce diesel or petrol.
The main use of kerosene is as a base for aviation fuel but it also has an application as a solvent in paints, cleaners, pesticides and some eye medicines. It is a common fuel for stoves, heaters and lamps and is still used today as a fuel for home (‘oil’) central heating systems in some countries that experience cold for the greater part of the year. In Nigeria, kerosene is a major source of energy for cooking.